Values signify that which is generally accepted as being of great worth to us. When something is of great worth, we cherish it, we love it, we admire it, and we would not want to lose it. Our values direct our decision. They are important parts of our lives which influence the meaning and worth we attach to certain things, beliefs, principle or ideas. Values therefore are moral principle or beliefs that control our behaviour. It influences our likes and dislikes.
TYPES OF VALUES
1) JUSTICE: The quality of being just, righteous, equitable or moral rightness.
2) SELFLESSNESS: Thinking more about the needs and happiness of other people than about your own. It is about being humble and compassionate.
3) HONESTY: Honesty means to be truthful or straight forward. It means telling the truth always, meaning what we say and standing by it.
4) INTEGRITY: Integrity means the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. A person is said to have integrity when the person is seen to be upright, honest, transparent, truthful and of good behaviour.
5) FAITHFULNESS: This is ability to fulfill promises. It also means accurate and careful way of doing things.
6) CONTENTMENT: This can be defined as the state of being happy and satisfied with whatever one has. In this state, the person is always satisfied with what he or she has and is at peace with his fellow human beings and with his environment.
7) ACCOUNTABILITY: Accountability is defined as a situation whereby A is accountable to B when A is obliged to inform B about A’s (past or future) actions and decisions to justify them, and to suffer punishment in the case of eventual misconduct.
8) DILIGENCE: This deals with hard work, carefulness and thoroughness. Diligence is when a worker is both hardworking and painstaking in his or her work.
9) TRANSPARENCY: This is the attribute of being open and honest about what one does. It applies mostly in financial matters.
10) TOLERANCE: It is a disposition in which one demonstrates the ability to endure or tolerate some unpleasant experience without complaining. It is very important for peaceful living in any society.
11) SELF-DISCIPLINE: This refers to the ability to obey rules and regulations of a place where one lives or work and being able to do so without being forced by anybody.
IMPORTANCE OF VALUES TO THE SOCIETY
1) Unity: The society drives strength from being unified.
2) Cooperation: Cooperation is the act of working together to achieve a common goal. People can only live together if they are ready to cooperate with one another.
3) Harmony: Harmony means peaceful co-existence among people. When people live together in harmony they forget their differences in culture, background, race and level of education.
4) Values enhances good behaviours, attitudes and feeling.
5) Values guide human behaviours, gives purpose and direction to our lives.
6) Understanding our values helps us to resist pressure, to conform to other people’s values and behaviour.
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