Traffic regulations are laws and rules which govern traffic, regulate vehicles and facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic.
Traffic on the road may consists of pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, motor-cycles, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either single or together, while using the public way for purpose of travel.
1) Registration of Vehicles: All vehicles that plies the road must be registered and all documents necessary must be obtained and renewed when due.
2) Obeying Traffic Officials: Traffic officials are the agents that are in charge of the enforcement of traffic rules contained in the Highway Code e.g. the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC), Vehicle Inspection Officers (VIO).
3) Obeying Speed Limit: There is a speed limit at which vehicles can move either on the highway or within the town. The speed limit is to be obeyed to avoid accident.
4) Drinking and Driving: It is an offence to drink alcoholic drink or take drug substances which can intoxicate and make one drive carelessly.
5) No Driving by Minors: Minors are those below the age required by law to engage in certain activities. In Nigeria, the stipulated age is 18 years.
6) All Drivers must possess valid driver’s licence: Driver’s licence is an identification document issued by traffic agency (FRSC) as a permit or authority to drive a vehicle.
7) Stopping for Pedestrians on Zebra-Crossing: Other road users are expected to stop for pedestrians to cross once they are on the zebra-crossing.
8) Obey Traffic Signs and Traffic Light: All road users must obey traffic signs/warning e.g. One Way, No Parking, Give Way, No U-turn, Zebra Crossing etc. and the traffic lights.
9) Vehicles must give way to fire service vehicles and ambulance who are on emergency service.
IMPORTANCE OF TRAFFIC REGULATION
1) It Reduces the Rate of Accident on the Road: The fact that there are rules governing the road and punishment is there for those who violate the rules put fear on the road users. This makes them obey traffic rules which reduce the rate of accidents on the roads.
2) It Reduces the Excesses of the Road Users: Where there are no rules, there cannot be an offence. The regulations has cautioned the road users and brought sanity on the road.
3) Traffic Regulations has Reduced the Rate of Traffic Jams and Hold-ups: Traffic regulations is to create sanity on roads and let road users know how to behave on the highway to avoid confusion and total breakdown of law and order.
4) Protection of Lives and Properties: The mere fact that traffic regulations prevents and reduced the number of accidents on the road. It clearly brings about protection of lives and properties of travelers.
5) Travellers Travel with Ease: The road signs are as well warning concerning the roads, any driver that heed and obey will make the journey interesting for their passengers.
6) It Creates Opportunity for Government to Create Revenue. Where there is law, there is offence and there is penalty. Whoever is arrested by traffic officers for contravening the traffic rules are normally fined to pay to government account.
THE ROLES OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND GOVERNMENT IN MAINTAINING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS
1) People should consider other road users and work their own safety too.
2) Parents should teach their children to take responsibility for their own safety when using the road.
3) Individuals who are members of voluntary organizations such as Boy Scouts and Man O’ War can assist the relevant government officials to manage traffic.
4) Individuals can also register voluntarily with the government as special road marshals to assist traffic wardens with traffic management.
1) Government ensure that traffic control devices are installed at appropriate place for road users to see.
2) There should be regular public enlightenment education of the general public especially the motorists on the proper use of the road and road signs.
3) Government should enact law to regulate traffic and ensure that offenders are made to face wrath of the law.
4) Training of officials of regulatory agencies and their remuneration should be properly handled in order for them to be effective and efficient.
5) Television and radio jingles warning road users on road ethics, over speeding etc.