A country becomes a member of The Commonwealth if she obtained her independence from Britain and is ready to recognize the British crown as the Head of The Commonwealth. Membership is voluntary and a newly independent country may chose not to join the association.
The Commonwealth was formally established in 1931. The Queen of England is the ceremonial head of The Commonwealth.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE COMMONWEALTH
i) Maintenance of political and socio-cultural relationship among the independent nations.
ii) Promotion of information network.
iii) Enhancement of scientific co-operation among members.
iv) Promotion of educational co-operation.
v) Defence co-operation.
vi) Promotion of economic and technical co-operation among member countries.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE COMMON WEALTH
i) Promotion of socio-cultural and economic co-operation among members.
ii) Trade relations.
iii) Assistance in terms of maintenance of law and order.
iv) Abridge between less developed and developed nations.
v) Educational assistance in form of scholarships and provision of loans.
vi) Adoption of common legal and language system.
PROBLEMS OF THE COMMON WEALTH
i) Immigrants are no longer free to enter Britain without visas.
ii) Military personnel are not automatically trained in Britain.
iii) Membership of Britain in the European Economic Community (the common market).
iv) Inability to enforce orders.
v) Financial commitment
vi) Weak bonds among members.