Socialization is the process or ways in which children learn and acquire behaviour and norms accepted in the society. It is training a child and making the child acquire certain norms, culture and tradition of his/her people in order for such person to be accepted within the society.
Agencies and agents of socialization are the various organizations that provide the avenue and means through which the child learn. The agents are the body that manage and direct the child towards acquiring all the necessary learning.
ROLES OF AGENT AND AGENCY OF SOCIALIZATION
1) The agent/agency provides the avenue or place of learning.
2) The agent/agency manages, guide and direct the child during the learning process.
3) The agent/agency ensures the child acquire necessary training accepted in the society.
4) Agent/agency prepares the child future and provides leadership skills for the child.
DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON THE SOCIETY
1) Deviant behaviours are the characters and behaviour that are not accepted within the society. It is behaving in a way or manner that is different from the accepted manner or ways of the people.
2) Deviant behaviours such as lack of respect, prostitution, taking drugs and other unaccepted behaviours are considered as wrong within the society.
3) Being deviant can result to lack of co-operation and lead to non-development of the society.
4) It can lead to out casting an individual which may result to hatred among the people.
5) Deviant behaviour might lead to stealing and poor leadership in the society.
6) Deviant behaviour might result to eradication of the society norms and culture.
CHALLENGES AGENT/AGENCY FACE IN SOCIALIZATION PROCESS
1) Agency/agent faces the generalization of some culture as a result of multi-ethnic group.
2) Inadequacy and negligence on the path of one agent will affect another agent.
3) Agent is equally facing the problem of western culture and ideas.
4) Another challenge is inadequate funds and personnel of the agent.
5) Lack of readiness and seriousness on the part of the learner / student.
FACTORS THAT PROMOTE BETTER INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP IN GROUPS AND INDIVIDUAL
1) Mutual understanding of other people’s value and culture.
2) Respect for other people’s religion and culture.
3) Tolerance among the people about difference in their culture and religion.
4) Respecting and defending their nation is a collective effort.
5) Protecting the government and the economy