Political culture may be defined as the attitude, sentiment, beliefs, ideas and norms that guide the behaviour of the people in a political system.
COMPONENTS OF POLITICAL CULTURE
i) Cognitive Orientation: It is concerned with the belief and knowledge the citizens have with regard to the political system.
ii) Evaluation Orientation: Evaluation orientation refers to the extent the people can evaluate or critically assess the functioning of their political system.
iii) Affective Orientation: It is the feelings of the people towards the political system.
DETERMINANTS OF POLITICAL CULTURE
i) Different ethnicity
ii) Historical Development
iii) The impact of colonialism
iv) Socio-economic structure
v) Political instability
Political socialization refers to a process by which the citizens are educated on the values, attitudes and beliefs of the political system.
AGENTS OF POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION
i) The Family: The family provides informal teachings on on-going events in the political life of a society through their independent opinion.
ii) The School: The school educates the citizens formally on how to study political event and the impacts of government policies, it actions and in actions.
iii) The Peer Groups: Peer groups bring about political socialization through common discussions. The general views held by any peer group have a lot of impact on their members understanding of political events.
iv) Political Parties: Political parties educate their members during political meetings and workshops. This is commonly done in the build up to an election.
v) The Mass Media: Citizens are able to know their rights and responsibilities through columns writing in newspapers, TV programs and radio jingles.
vii) Pressure Group: Pressure groups educate their members on their rights and what to do when it is trampled upon and responsibilities to the society such as paying taxes.
vi) Religious Group: Religious organizations through sermons educate their members to be law abiding and desist from violence.