Nationalism is an act of consciousness shared by people who consider themselves of being deprived of some opportunity or privilege by a ruler. It can also be defined as a state of mind that is concerned with gaining independence from colonial rule.
FACTORS THAT STIMULATED NATIONALISM IN NIGERIA
These factors can be classified into internal and external.
A. INTERNAL FACTORS
i. The Nigerian press
ii. The general strike of 1945
iii. The emergence of political parties
iv. The Trade Union movement
v. Economic exploitation
vi. Educated elite
vii. Rising cost of living and scarcity of goods
viii. Post World War II economic depression
ix. Introduction of Nigeria Daily News in 1925
x. Exclusion of the educated elite from the system of administration such as Indirect Rule.
xi. Non-appointment of elite in the Civil Service
B. EXTERNAL FACTORS
i. The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
ii. The inspiration from National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) formed in Accra, Ghana.
iii. The influence of the British Labour Party
iv. The loss of honour suffered by Britain when Japan took over Malaysia.
v. The Nigerian soldiers after the end of the Second World War (1939 – 1945)
vi. The influence of the Nigerian Students’ Union overseas.
EFFECTS OF NATIONALISM IN NIGERIA
i. It increased educational penetration.
ii. Assisted in the creation of local newspaper houses.
iii. Political parties were formed to advance the course of nationalism.
iv. There was more engagement and discussion between the colonial masters and the colonized territories.
v. The people protested against racism and difficult economic programs.
vi. The colonized people were awaken politically and the urge for self control.
vii. The formation of trade union also helped in demand for independence.