Government as an institution of the state may be defined as an agency or a machinery through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and attained.
FEATURES OF GOVERNMENTS
i) Political Power: Political power refers to the powers that exist in the machineries of the state such as the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
ii) Law: Government promulgates rules and regulations (law) that govern the behaviours of it citizens and the government itself.
iii) Personnel: Government requires people to carry out it functions such as the civil servants and public servants.
iv) Revenue: Revenue is gotten from the collection of taxes, levies etc. It is required to run the various organs and agencies of government such as payment of salaries, provision of infrastructure for the citizens etc.
v) Public Support: This can also be called legitimacy. A government must enjoy the support of majority of its citizen.
vi) Welfare Service: Welfare services is an important part of a government such as old age pension, unemployment allowance, free or subsidized education.
FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENTS
i) Law Making: Law making is a paramount function of a government. It is the law formulated that will guide it actions and that of the citizens
ii) Maintenance of Law and Order: Government maintains law and order with the use of security personnel such as the police force.
iii) Defence of the Country: Every government ensures it defends the territorial integrity of a country against external aggression. Defence of the country is done with the use of the army, navy, air force and other security outfits.
iv) Protection of Lives and Property: Government must protect the lives and properties of it subject, the citizens. A country will experience peace when lives and properties are secure.
v) To Administer Justice: A government administers justice through the court of law handled by the judiciary. They are to interpret the law and ensure justice is done between individuals and between individuals and government itself.
vi) Provision of Employment Opportunity: Government should create enabling environment for business to thrive for employment to be generated.
vii) Economic Function: It performs economic function through the Central Bank with the issue and withdrawal of money in circulation.