INTER-COMMUNAL RELATIONSHIP: Inter-communal relationship is the type of relationship existing between communities and the way and manner they relate.
IMPORTANCE OF INTER-COMMUNAL RELATIONSHIP
1) It is the road map to peace and good neighbourliness. This explains why some King’s encourage their people to have inter-communal marriage.
2) A cordial inter-communal relationship promotes productivity and development in the communities. Development will be possible where there is peace.
3) It enhances securities of lives and properties: Where inter-communal relationship is in harmony, it allows the formation of security outfits by the communities to complement the government’s law enforcement agents.
4) Inter-communal relationship promotes commerce among the community dwellers.
5) It allows for the inter-change of culture, norms, food, dressing, styles etc among community members.
6) It encourages harmony, love, peace and affection among neighbours.
All over the world there have been several communal feud among people at times or those who have the same historical background. In the course of interaction, individual differences are bound to manifest and when this occur there will be loss of lives and properties.
SKILLS FOR RESOLVING INTER-COMMUNAL CONFLICTS
1) Dialogue: This is a formal discussion between two groups or countries, especially when they are trying to solve a problem or end a dispute.
2) Mediation: A situation where third party try to end a disagreement between two or more people or groups by talking to them and try to find a common solution everyone can agree on.
3) Compensation: This is a payment in cash or in kind made to aggrieved people by an individual, group or government to compensate them for whatever loss they might have experienced as a result of inter-communal conflict.
4) Setting up Fact Finding Committee: The government may set up a fact finding committee to find out the immediate cause of conflict and suggest solution.
5) Tolerance: This is the ability to overlook the faults or weaknesses of others.
6) Compromise: This is an agreement made between two people or groups in which each side give up some of the things they want so that both sides are happy at the end.
7) Teaching or spreading the gospel of peace to all communities through advertisement on electronic media, newspapers and billboards.