Detailed below are some other institutions in a democratic society
The armed forces include the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. They are to assist the law enforcement agents to quell difficult internal crisis like terrorist attack, riots or violent demonstration. They are responsible for defending and protecting the territorial integrity of the state against any external attack or threat. They must also honour and respect the constitution and the military code of justice and accept order from the civilian Commander-in-Chief.
ROLE OF POLICE IN DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM
It is the department of government that is concerned with the maintenance of public order and safety and the enforcement of law.
1) Prevention and protection against crime.
2) The apprehension of offenders.
3) Preservation of law and order.
4) Protection of lives and properties.
5) Regulations within which they are directly charged.
6) Military duties within and outside Nigeria as it may be required by law.
Trade union in Nigeria has played vital roles in the vanguard of the struggle for democracy and democratic principles.
1) They played major role in the struggle for independence during the colonial era.
2) It played major role against dictatorship during the military dictatorship and despotic rules in Nigeria. The number of strike action and man-hour loss are unquantifiable.
3) They have been paying major role in ensuring good governance even during the few years of democratic rule in Nigeria.
This refers to privately organized groups formed for the purpose of promoting collectively shared interests, values and objectives.
MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF CIVIL SOCIETIES
1) Membership is free and voluntary without coercion.
2) They come under different organisations, community groups etc. but they are non-governmental organisations. Examples in Nigeria include: Campaign for Democracy, Civil Liberties Organization, National Democratic Coalition (NADECO).
3) They are funded by members through donations, gifts.
4) Some are formed to promote issues that are permanent in nature
5) The focus of campaign could be local, national and international in dimension.
MODE OF OPERATION OF CIVIL SOCIETIES
The mode of operation of civil societies vary from society to society, depending on the quality of members, size and type of regime of government in power, financial status and type of issue at stake.
Generally, their mode of operation takes the form of lobbying, manipulation of public opinion, demonstration, supporting political parties during election.
1) Lobbying: This involves meeting key government officials, legislators and traditional rulers for the purpose of getting support.
2) Sharing public opinion: Civil societies promote their objectives through the use of the mass media and social media like the radio, television, newspapers and internet to secure the favourable public opinion for their cause.
3) Public demonstration: This takes the form of carrying placards, mass movements and disruption of free flow of traffic.
4) Supporting parties during electioneering campaign: They provide election campaign materials such as posters, billboards, vehicles and sometimes they accompany political parties on campaign tours.