1) INTERNET: A global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols.
2) INTERNET BROWSER: A software application used to locate and display Web pages. Two popular Internet browsers are Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer. Both of these are classified as graphical browsers; they display both graphics and text. Internet browsers can also provide sound and video.
3) CHAT: Talk in a friendly and informal way. Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver. Chat messages are generally short in order to enable other participants to respond quickly. Thereby, a feeling similar to a spoken conversation is created, which distinguishes chatting from other text-based online communication forms such as Internet forums and email.
4) CYBERCAFÉ: A cybercafé is a business which allows people to pay for access to the Internet. Most cybercafés provide computers, snacks, and beverages to their customers.
Another name for a cybercafé is an Internet cafe. Such places often look just like cafes or coffee shops, with the addition of computer terminals. Cybercafés are especially useful for travelers who need a place to check their email or book flights and hotel rooms online. The original cafe of this kind opened in 1988 in South Korea, but the term cybercafé was first used in 1994, when innovator Ivan Pope opened one in London.
5) DOWNLOAD: To transfer (software, data, character sets, etc.) from a distant to a nearby computer, from a larger to a smaller computer, or from a computer to a peripheral device.
6) EMAIL: Electronic mail, or email, is a method of exchanging digital messages between people using digital devices such as computers, mobile phones and other electronics. Email first entered substantial use in the 1960s and by the mid-1970s had taken the form now recognized as email. Email operates across computer networks, which today is primarily the Internet.
7) HOMEPAGE: A home page is generally the main page a visitor navigating to a website from a web search engine will see, and it may also serve as a landing page to attract visitors. The home page is used to facilitate navigation to other pages on the site by providing links to prioritized and recent articles and pages, and possibly a search box.
8) INTERNET PROTOCOL: A set of rules governing the format of data sent over the Internet or other network. The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying data grams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internet working, and essentially establishes the Internet.
IP has the task of delivering packets from the source host to the destination host solely based on the IP addresses in the packet headers. For this purpose, IP defines packet structures that encapsulate the data to be delivered. It also defines addressing methods that are used to label the data gram with source and destination information.
9) HTTP: HTTP means Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. HTTP is the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web and this protocol defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.
For example, when you enter a URL in your browser, this actually sends an HTTP command to the Web server directing it to fetch and transmit the requested Web page. The other main standard that controls how the World Wide Web works is HTML, which covers how Web pages are formatted and displayed.
10) ISP: Short for Internet Service Provider, it refers to a company that provides Internet services, including personal and business access to the Internet. For a monthly fee, the service provider usually provides a software package, username, password and access phone number. Equipped with a modem, you can then log on to the Internet and browse the World Wide Web, send and receive e-mail. For broadband access you typically receive the broadband modem hardware or pay a monthly fee for this equipment that is added to your ISP account billing.
11) WEB PAGE: A web page, or webpage, is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers. A web browser displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device. The web page is what displays, but the term also refers to a computer file, usually written in HTML or comparable markup language. Web browsers coordinate the various web resource elements for the written web page, such as style sheets, scripts, and images, to present the web page.
11) UPLOAD: Uploading is the process of moving digital files such as photographs or documents from your computer and placing them on to a central server so that someone else can retrieve them or to a website so others can see them. For example, you might save photographs from your digital camera on to your computer and upload them on to a social network such as facebook, where you can allow friends and family to see them.
13) WEBPAGE: A web page, or webpage, is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers. A web browser displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device. The web page is what displays, but the term also refers to a computer file, usually written in HTML or comparable markup language. Web browsers coordinate the various web resource elements for the written web page, such as style sheets, scripts, and images, to present the web page.
14) CYBER SPACE: Cyberspace is “the notional environment in which communication over computer networks occurs.” The word became popular in the 1990s when the uses of the Internet, networking, and digital communication were all growing dramatically and the term “cyberspace” was able to represent the many new ideas and phenomena that were emerging.
15) INTERNET SERVICE: Internet access is ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, mobile devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web. Various technologies, at a wide range of speeds have been used by Internet service providers (ISPs) to provide this service.
16) YAHOO: Yahoo! is an Internet portal that incorporates a search engine and a directory of World Wide Web sites organized in a hierarchy of topic categories. As a directory, it provides both new and seasoned Web users the reassurance of a structured view of hundreds of thousands of Web sites and millions of Web pages. It also provides one of the best ways to search the Web for a given topic. Since Yahoo is associated with the most popular Web search sites, if a search argument doesn’t lead to a Yahoo topic page, it will still lead to results from the six or seven popular search engine sites Yahoo links to.
Yahoo! began as the bookmark lists of two Stanford University graduate students, David Filo and Jerry Yang. After putting their combined bookmark lists organized by categories on a college site, the list began to grow into an Internet phenomenon. It became the first such directory with a large following. Filo and Yang postponed their graduate work and became part of a public offering for a multimillion dollar corporation. As of October, 2005, Yahoo was serving approximately 3.4 billion page views worldwide.
17) BENEFITS OF INTERNET TO THE SOCIETY: The Internet is one of the greatest creations and gives everyone in the world with Internet access instant access to an endless supply of knowledge and entertainment. Below is a complete list of all of the advantages of the Internet.
* Information, knowledge, and learning
As mentioned earlier, the Internet contains an endless supply of knowledge and information that allows you to learn about almost any topic or question you may have. Using a search engine like Google, you can ask virtually any question and find a web page with an answer to that question. There are also millions of videos on sites like YouTube that help explain various topics and even online courses that can be taken to help teach you about many different subjects.
* Connectivity, communication, and sharing
In the past, it would take days and sometimes even months to receive a letter from someone else. Today, with the Internet, you can send an e-mail to anyone in the world and often have it delivered in less than a minute. Other forms of communication, such as chat and VOIP, also allow you to have instant communication with anyone in the world.
Online forums are also places where people who share common interests can connect with each other and talk about what they enjoy or ask other experts in the field questions.
* Address, mapping, and contact information
With the help of GPS technology, the Internet can help map and direct you to almost every place in the world. You can quickly route to your location or find businesses in your area that may sell or provide you with a service you need. Today’s search engines are also smart enough to know your location and help give you the most relevant searches for your area. For example, if you needed a plumber and did a search for “plumber”, you would be given local plumbers in your area.
* Banking, bills, and shopping
The Internet gives you access to your bank account to view your balance, make transactions, and send money. Also, many services enable you to view and pay your bills electronically.
Online shopping is another huge advantage of the Internet, giving anyone with Internet access the ability to find products that interest them and buy them without having to visit a store. The Internet gives everyone easy access to compare prices between companies and even see what others think about a product through online reviews to help make better purchasing decisions.
* Selling and making money
If you are a business or want to sell anything, the Internet is a perfect place to sell most goods. Because anyone in the world with Internet access can find your website, you have access to more people than you ever could with a local retail store. The Internet is always on and always available, which means you have the potential of selling goods 24/7. The Internet also gives all businesses the ability to advertise their product or service to everyone in the world or specify an exact demographic they want to reach.
There are other ways someone can make money online by performing other online services.
* Collaboration, work from home, and access to a global workforce
The Internet is the perfect place to work with other people from around the world. There are dozens of online services that allow you to work with other people and, with the ability to have instant communication, it can even make producing new products and services faster.
An Internet connection provides many people with the ability to work from home or have a virtual office. Today, many businesses allow their employees to work from home using their computers and Internet connection. Working from home can help save people money by not having to pay for child care and save them money and time by eliminating the daily commute to and from work every day.
If you are a business that needs employees, many services online can give you access to people looking for a job all around the world. Having the ability to hire someone from another part of the country or world allows you to get access to a much wider talent pool and may also allow you to hire someone at a much cheaper rate.
* Donations and funding
With access to a much wider audience, anyone with an Internet connection can quickly make a donation to their favorite charity or help fund projects and ideas that interest them. Also, those looking for charity can find many online services that help make it easier to help donate or support their causes.
The Internet gives everyone access to an endless supply of entertainment, with access to watch videos, watch movies, listen to music, and even play games online.