Farm planning is a drawing or outline of a farmstead. It also involves the proper land use planning.
FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN FARM PLANNING AND FARM STEAD
(i) Topography: Topography is the detailed description of a farmland, if it is plain or made up of hills and mountains.
(ii) Soil Type: The farmer must ensure that the farm is suitable and rich in nutrients for farming.
(iii) Accessibility: The farm must be accessible for farm workers.
(iv) Water Supply: There should be easy access to water for farm and human use.
(v) Nearness to Market: Nearness to market ensures that the farm produce can easily be transported to the market with little or no transportation cost.
(vi) Drainage: Drainage allows for the disposal of water that have been used which cannot be reused in the farm. It helps to prevent water population.
IMPORTANCE OF FARM PLANNING
(i) It enables the farmer to make proper use of the land
(ii) It ensures the proper sitting of certain buildings or structures in certain locations within the farm stead
(iii) It promotes the neatness and prevents pollution within the farm stead
PRINCIPLES OF FARM STEAD PLANNING
FARM STEAD: Farm stead can be defined as a farm house and all its production and processing structures.
IMPORTANCE OF FARMSTEAD PLANNING
(i) It promotes the neatness and prevents pollution within the farmstead.
(ii) It also ensures the proper sitting of certain building or structure in certain locations within the farmstead.
FARMSTEAD LAYOUT PRINCIPLES
(i) Plant the crops on the best soil within the farm.
(ii) Livestock building should be located on the poorest soil within the farm.
(iii) Farm building should not be located on slopes to avoid erosion.