FEATURES OF CLIFFORD CONSTITUTION
i) Introduction of the elective principle.
ii) Introduction of the legislative council.
iii) The new council has forty-six members.
iv) There were twenty-seven official members, nineteen unofficial members including four elected members.
v) Allocation of three elected seats to Lagos and the remaining one to Calabar.
vi) The male adult electorate must earn £100 per annum and must have resided in the area for at least a year.
vii) A division of the country into the colony and of Southern Provinces and the Northern Provinces.
viii) An executive council for the whole country
ix) The executive council performed advisory role.
x) Absence of any Nigerian in the executive council.
xi) The isolation of the Northern Province from the legislative council.
xii) The elective principle was not extended to the North.
xiii) It lasted between 1922 and 1946.
xiv) Introduction of Indirect Rule in the Southern Region.
FEATURES OF RICHARD CONSTITUTION (1946)
A) THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL: The legislative council which has the Governor as its president was based in Lagos. The legislative council contain44 members i.e.
(a) 28 majority non-official
(b) 16 minority officials
B) REGIONAL ASSEMBLY: There were 3 regional assemblies in the country i.e. North East and West. Under this, the constitution provided for two house i.e. Bicameralism.
(a) House of Chief
(b) House of Assembly, this is only applicable to the Northern part of the country. While the Eastern and Western region had house of Assembly with only one chamber each.
C) THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL: The executive council was dominated by the British official. One Nigerian was appointed in 1943 and another Nigerian in 1947 into the executive council.
FEATURES OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION
1) THE CENTRAL LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL: The central legislative council was renamed the House of Representatives, which is made up of 136 members i.e.
– 68 members from North.
– 34 members from the West
– 34 members from the East
2) THE CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COUNCIL: The council was known as council of Ministers made up of the Governor, 6 official members and 12 ministers i.e. 4 ministers from each of the three regions.
3) THE REGIONAL LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL: It created two chambers regional legislative council i.e. House of Chiefs and House of Assembly in the East and West.
4) THE REGIONAL LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL: It was made up of Lieutenant-Governor, 5 official members and 9 ministers i.e. 3 ministers from each region.
FEATURES OF LITTLETON CONSTITUTION
i) The House of Representative members were indirectly elected.
ii) The central and regional ministers were directly elected but at different times.
iii) Provision for the office of the Premier at regional level.
iv) Elimination of the Governor and Governor-General from the legislature.
v) No provision for the office of Prime Minister.
vi) Elimination of some official members in the legislature.
vii) Introduction of federalism into the Nigerian State.
viii) The judiciary was regionalized.
ix) There was a unicameral legislature at the centre.
x) Governors at the regional level and Governor-General at the centre.
xi) The Ministers now had executive powers.
xii) Public service commission was regionalized.