Constituted authority can be described as a group of persons or a person appointed, elected into position of authority or leadership which is recognized by the people.
TYPES OF CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY
1) Monarchical Authority: Monarchy is a form of government under the rule of a King, Queen or Emperor. In some countries the power of the monarch is unlimited as he is both the head of state and head of government.
2) Totalitarianism: This is a form of political system in which the constituted authority controls everything and where there is no opposition.
3) Democracy: It is a system of government in which the ultimate political authority is vested in the people. It is government which is derived from public opinion and is accountable to it. This shows that the opinion of the followers count a lot.
4) Oligarchy: This is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. This people could be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who pass their influence from one generation to the next.
FORMS OF OLIGARCHY
1) Aristocracy: This is a form of government in which a few of the most prominent citizens rule. Government by a small privileged class.
2) Plutocracy: It is a system whereby the wealthiest rule and controls the political power. The wealthiest controls political power because they also control economic power.
3) Military Rule: This is a government controlled by the soldiers.
4) Theocracy: This is a form of government in which official policy is governed by immediate divine guidance or officials who are regarded as divinely guided.
5) Diarchy: This is a form of government controlled by two joint authorities or ruler. For example where civilians join military to run government.
6) Gerontocracy: A form of government ruled by leaders who are significantly older than most of the adult population.
7) Autocracy: It is a form of government in which one person is the supreme power within the state. His power and decision is not subject to any external restraints.
LEVELS OF CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY
1) Family Level: The family is the basic unit of the society that is responsible for supporting, caring and preparing children for adulthood. At the family level the father and mother are in position of authority.
2) School Level: At school level teachers, headmasters, headteachers, principals, rectors and vice chancellors are the people in authority to guide and regulate the behaviour of pupils / students.
3) Town Level: The Obas, the Emirs, the Obis and the Chiefs are the people in authority to ensure there is peace.
4) Religious Institutions: These are Imams, Priests, Prophets, Pastors etc and other officials that make up the constituted authority.
5) Local Government Level: The Chairman and the Councillors are in the position of authority.
6) State Government Level: The governors and the executive cabinet members, law makers and the state judiciary are the constituted authority.
7) Federal Government Level: The President, senators, members of the house of representative and the judiciary organs make up the position of authority.
IMPORTANCE OF CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY
1) It makes rules and regulations to guide behaviour within its respective organization.
2) It has the responsibility of making policies for the group.
3) Constituted authority provides employment opportunity for the citizens.
4) It enhances the growth and development of the nation.
5) Constituted authority provides security over lives and properties of the people.
6) It instill discipline in the society.
7) It protects the interest of the people and gives directive to the followers.