Conservation of natural resources is the protection, wise and judicious use of natural resources in order to ensure their continued availability, as well as their preservation for future generation.
The resources that need to be conserved are atmosphere, water, soil, forest, wild life, minerals, food.
WAYS OF ENSURING NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION
i) Education: Through public enlightenment which makes the public aware of the importance of natural resources to man’s survival and future use.
ii) Legislation: Parliament should enact laws that prohibit illegal exploitation of our resources.
iii) Government Agencies: Other government agencies can help in the conservation of resources with adequate sensitization.
iv) Voluntary organizations interested in conservation can equally undertake public enlightenment.
AGENCIES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSERVATION
i) International union for conservation of nature and natural resources.
ii) Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF)
iii) World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
iv) Federal and State Environment protection Agencies
v) Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources
vi) Nigeria Environmental Action Team
vii) Federal Environmental Protection Agency
viii) Universities and Research Institutes
PROBLEMS OF CONSERVATION
i) Poor implementation of conservation policies due to lack of fund and other logistics.
ii) Incessant bush burning
iii) Over-exploitation of some minerals
iv) Illegal falling of timber trees
v) Over-gazing by animals
vii) Increasing industrialization
BENEFITS OF CONSERVATION
i) Conservation of water ensures availability of water for drinking, domestic use etc.
ii) Conservation of air improves human health.
iii) Conservation of soil leads to increase in food production.
iv) Conservation of wildlife provides animal protein, recreation, promotes tourist industry and foreign exchange.
v) Conservation of forest encourages rainfall, preserve timbers, checks erosion and checks desertification.
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