Apiculture refers to the keeping of bees for the production of honey, beeswax, propolis, pollen, royal jelly and to pollinate crops. A place where bees are kept is called apiary or bee yard and a beekeeper is called apiarist.
TYPES OF BEES
i) Indigenous Bees: It refers to the local or native bee produced or keeping within the country.
ii) Exotic Bees: These are the imported bees or foreign bees kept within the country.
IMPORTANCE OF BEE KEEPING
i) Production of honey for human consumption.
ii) Generation of foreign exchange earning.
iii) For medicinal purposes.
iv) For further extension of research of the usefulness of bee.
METHOD OF BEE KEEPING
i) Traditional Method: This is the use of local means and knowledge in keeping bee. This is done with local equipment.
ii) Modern Method: It is the use of advanced and foreign knowledge in the keeping of the bee.
BEE KEEPING EQUIPMENT
i) Beehives: A beehive is a secluded structure where honey bee live and raise their young ones.
ii) Hive Tools: Hive tool is used to pry apart hive bodies and supers. Its large hooked end is ideal for lifting up frames and the flat end is used to scrape off any excess wax or propolis on the frames and hive walls.
iii) Bee Smokers: Mostly called smoker, it is used in beekeeping to calm honey bees. It generates smoke from the smouldering.
iv) Jungle Boots: Jungle boots are carefully crafted boots for use in hot, wet, and humid environments where other leather boots are not suitable.
v) Brushes: It is a handy brush to brush bees off frames when inspecting or harvesting honey.
PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES IN BEE KEEPING
i) Locate apiaries far from human dwellings.
ii) Put warning symbol near apiary.
iii) Creation of space and ventilation for its increment.
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