Agro based industry refers to industries which supplies farm inputs machinery and makes use of farm produce as raw material for production.
|SN||AGRO BASED INDUSTRIES||RAW MATERIALS USED|
|1||Oil mill||Oil seeds|
|2||Soap industry||Oil seed / oil|
|4||Beverage||Cocoa, tea, coffee|
|6||Sugar industry||Sugar cane|
|7||Plywood / saw mill||Wood|
|9||Textile / ginnery||Cotton|
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES
i) Agriculture is a market for industrial products such as farm machinery, chemicals, fertilizers etc.
ii) Agriculture provides food for industrial workers like rice, beans yam, apple etc.
iii) Agriculture provides raw materials such as cocoa, cotton, palm produce, groundnut etc for industries. Such raw materials are inputs in the production of ther goods
iv) Both agriculture and industries compete for labour.
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING CROP AND ANIMAL DISTRIBUTION AND PRODUCTION
1. CLIMATIC FACTOR: Factors or elements of climate are
i) Rainfall: Plants are generally believed to grow well during moderate raining season.
ii) Temperature: Poultry egg production is mostly reduced during hot temperature.
iii) Wind: Wind help in cross pollination.
iv) Relative Humidity: Relative humidity is the amount of water vapor in air as a percentage of the amount of water needed for saturation at the same temperature.
vii) Radiant energy
2. BIOTIC FACTOR: It includes predators, parasites, soil, micro organisms, pests, pathogens and weed.
3. EDAPHIC FACTORS: It includes soil pH, soil texture, soil structure, soil type, topography, soil fertility.