Below are agencies working to prevent drug trafficking and drug abuse.
1) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)
NDLEA is saddled with the responsibility of eliminating drug abuse, cultivation, drug trafficking, drug barons. It was established by decree number 48 of January, 1990.
2) National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)
NAFDAC was established by decree number 15 of 1993 as amended as a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Health with the mandate to regulate and control quality standards for foods, drugs, medical devices manufactured locally and distributed in Nigeria.
ACTIVITIES OF DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
1) Arrest of drug couriers and barons.
2) Prosecution of drug couriers and sponsors according to the law of the country.
3) Cooperation with other security operatives such as State Security Service (SSS), Police, Immigration and Custom to keep out drug couriers from importing or exporting hard drug through our borders.
4) Burning of fake, expired drugs and cannabis farm.
5) Counselling arrested drug traffickers to guide against future drug abuse.
6) They train Drug Enforcement Agents (DEA) and other law enforcement personnel on the intricacies of the drug trade which has led the drug enforcement agency to create vigorous educational courses.
7) They asses and seize products derived from illicit drug trafficking.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF NAFDAC
1) The creation of six (6) zonal and 36 state offices for easier accessibility, which are being equipped to function effectively.
2) Organisation of workshop to enlighten various stakeholders such as;
(a) Pure sachet water producers
(b) The patient and proprietary medicine dealers association (PPMDA)
(c) The National Union of Road Transporter Workers and National Association of Road Transport Owners (NURTW & NARTO).
3) Achievement of excellent results in the war against counterfeit drugs as evidenced by the destruction of drugs worth billions of Naira.
4) Raising awareness not just in Nigeria, but also in other countries like India, China, Pakistan, Indonesia and Egypt.
5) It drastically reduced the distribution and sale of fake and adulterated products.
6) It ensures the formation of a wholesale Drug Mart as the bedrock of the sanitization exercise, making NAFDAC activities more efficient to reduce delay in registration and inspection.
LAWS AGAINST DRUG ABUSE
1) Decree20 of 1984 was promulgated and the penalty for anyone arrested and found guilty of drug trafficking is death sentence.
2) Decree No. 21 of 1988 prohibit the sale and distribution of counterfeit, adulterated and fake drugs or poisons in open market without a licence of registration.
3) The National Drug Law Enforcement (Amendment) Decree No. 33 of 1990 prescribes a jail term of five (5) years for persons caught abroad for trafficking in drugs through Nigeria and by so doing brings the name of our great nation into disrepute.
4) The poison pharmacy Act, Cap 366 of 1990 regulates the sale, distribution, supply and dispersion of drugs.
5) Food and Drugs Act Cap 150 of 1990. This prohibits the sale of certain foods, drugs, cosmetics and devices as treatment for certain diseases. It prohibits the importation, exportation, distribution and sale of specified drugs. It also prohibits practices such as misleading packaging, labeling, advertising and manufacture of food and drugs in unsanitary conditions.
6) Drug and related products (registration) Decree No. 19 of 1993. This makes provision for the prohibition of the manufacture, importation, exportation, advertisement, sale or distribution of drugs, cosmetics or medical devices unless it has been registered in accordance with the provisions of the decree.